This report details the work and findings of the work of the Issara Institute in Myanmar and Thailand on driving more ethical recruitment systems and empowering jobseekers with ‘facts, knowledge, and choices’ so that they can more successfully navigate their work journeys. The report details the positive role and high level of trust jobseekers have of Civil Society Organisations and the effectiveness of technology, specifically phone based, in empowering jobseekers. The report also highlights the recruitment fees most jobseekers personally incur and the urgency in making ‘zero fee’ recruitment for jobseekers the norm, as well as the issues with Myanmar and Thai government policies in improving ethical recruitment and jobseeker empowerment.
Read the report here: http://media.wix.com/ugd/5bf36e_4620b33fdea7485382683dd927a97378.pdf
Verisk Maplecroft, a global risk consultancy firm, estimated that in 2017 modern slavery risks rose in 20 of the 28 members states of the European Union. Senior Human Rights Analyst at Verisk Maplecroft states, with regard to Europe, ‘The migrant crisis has increased the risk of slavery incidents appearing in company supply chains across Europe’. The migrant crisis includes the hundreds of thousands of refugees from the Syrian war.
Read the article here: https://www.maplecroft.com/portfolio/new-analysis/2017/08/10/20-eu-countries-see-rise-modern-slavery-risks-study/
’Wherever people are more vulnerable, others seek to take advantage’. In this article Luke gives some examples of vulnerable people affected by modern slavery including those affected by Hurricane Katrina in the US, the Rohingya people who are currently amassed on the border of Bangladesh and Burma/Myanmar and people located near the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan as the war continues. He also identifies some potential traffickers.
Read the article here: https://thenewsrep.com/104924/human-trafficking-in-times-of-significant-humanitarian-crises/
In this article Ben Doherty examines and gives specific examples of slavery globally and domestically. With regard to the slavery of people within Australian borders, the article states that the highest risk industries in Australia, are the hospitality, construction, agriculture and sex industries (and notes that it also occurs in private homes and within families). With regard to the slavery of people internationally for Australian use, the article states that the highest risk products are electronics, garments, rice and cocoa.
Read the article here: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/20/australia-imports-12bn-worth-of-goods-at-risk-of-being-made-by-slaves-report?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other
- FORCED LABOR ACTION COMPARED: FINDINGS FROM THREE SECTORS
- With recommendations for companies across sectors, business and multi-stakeholder associations, and investors
Forced labour is a risk for all importing global companies. Public awareness of forced labour in supply chains has grown, regulations requiring companies to take action have continued to emerge—businesses are being held to higher transparency and legal standards. Companies across all sectors importing goods from high risk countries can no longer afford to ignore this issue.
With a combined market capitalization of more than US $4 trillion, the companies analyzed by KnowTheChain represent some of the largest companies in the world. These companies were evaluated in seven categories and received a score out of 100 possible points.
Key findings across the three sectors include:
- Average sector scores were below 50/100, indicating significant room for improvement across sectors.
- Shockingly, there was one company in each sector that received a score of 0/100 indicating a concerning lack of action.
- Apparel companies tend to be more advanced, while food & beverage companies are lagging behind.
- This is reflective of the level of media attention and civil society pressure companies in each of the sectors have received.
- Companies tend to be more advanced in developing supply chain commitments and monitoring the first labour performance of first-tier suppliers.
- Companies are taking limited steps to address the exploitation of migrant workers by recruitment agencies. However, it is encouraging that a number of companies across sectors have joined the Leadership Group for Responsible Recruitment (thus committing to the “Employer Pays” Principle) and that some industry associations are starting to take action.
- Two areas with limited progress are engagement with supply chain workers and providing remedy for workers whose rights are violated. These areas both lack attention from companies as well as from business and multi-stakeholder associations.
For the full Report look at : https://knowthechain.org/wp-content/uploads/KTC_CrossSectoralFindings_Final.pdf